The House Judiciary Committee approved legislation by voice vote prohibiting state and local governments that receive federal economic development funds from using eminent domain to transfer private property from one private owner to another for the purpose of economic development. The “Private Property Rights Protection Act” (H.R. 1944) is a direct, albeit delayed, response to the 2005 Supreme Court decision in the case of Kelo v. City of New London, which held that it was not unconstitutional to condemn property for economic development. The Private Property Rights Protection Act also passed the House of Representatives in the 109th and 112th Congresses but subsequently died and was never enacted into law.